Piyush Dankhra

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Last updated: February 25, 2021

Thinking in PWA Studio extension development

When I started to build the blog extension https://github.com/dankhrapiyush/blog for PWA Studio I followed this guide https://reactjs.org/docs/thinking-in-react.html that helped me out.

Here is a list of my steps that I am following for a PWA Studio extension

  1. Step 1: Draw a Rough Mockup
  2. Step 2: Break The UI Into A Component Hierarchy Structure
  3. Step 3: Start With A Minimal Version of the extension in PWA Studio
  4. Step 4: Identify Talons and Util Of the extension

Let’s take an example of the blog extension and understand this.

Step 1: Draw a Rough Mockup

First of all, the first step is to draw a rough mockup. Drawing a mockup is like take a break and play with some sketch arts.

Here is a couple of mockups of the blog extension

  • Blog list page blog list page

  • Blog view page blog view page

This step could be optional if you are not developing a new feature and doing some enhancement then it does not require to create it. But this is useful for planning components that we will do on the next step based on this UI.

Step 2: Break The UI Into A Component Hierarchy Structure

Break the UI into components. Start planning the structure of components that could be divided into main components like

  • Blogs: for a blog list page
  • Blog: for a blog view page
  • BlogComment: to add a comment on the blog page
  • Category: for a blog list page of the category
  • Tag: for a blog list page for the tag

Furthermore, these components can be divided into sub-components like


  • BlogsContent: to display a list of blogs
  • SidebarCategories: to show a category list on the sidebar
  • SidebarTags: to show a tag list on the sidebar


  • BlogContent: to display the blog content
  • RelatedProducts: to show a list of related products underneath the blog


  • CommentContent: to show a list of comments
  • CommentForm: to show a form to submit the comment

Likewise, we can prepare an overall structure of the extension.

Step 3: Start With A Minimal Version of the extension in PWA Studio

After creating a structure, we can start the implementation of the extension. In that, the best way is to start from the top-level component.

For example, in the Blogs component, we write a GraphQl query to fetch a blog list and then pass it to the BlogsContent component.

In the BlogsContent, we iterate the data array and render a list of blogs that includes the Blog’s author, categories, tags, creation time, content and read more link.

After that, in a sidebar, it includes two components SidebarCategories and SidebarTags that list out active categories and tags. Under the SidebarCategories component, we write a GraphQl query that fetches data to list out the category’s title, link and number of posts.

Step 4: Identify Talons and Util Of the extension

This step 4 is coupled with Step 3. While implementing the component, we identify which talons and util functions should be required that we can move to the talons and util directory to keep the directory structure neat and clean.

For example, to show a formatted date under the blog list and view page, we should write that function under the util directory and use it everywhere.

PWA Studio has some util functions under packages/peregrine/lib/util that we can utilize if needed.

This is the same approach for talons packages/peregrine/lib/talons as well.

So guys, here I have shared my experience that I’m following for creating an extension in the PWA Studio. This workflow could be different for you, as I believe it depends on the nature of your coding style and strategy. It may need some back and forth between steps during actual implementation.

Basically, if we don’t do proper planning and directly jump into coding, then after completing some part of the extension, you will realize that you are stranded in a messy code and data flow. This is my experience 😉

I hope it could be helpful to you and thank you for reading.


I'm Piyush Dankhra
Adobe Certified Expert - Adobe Commerce Developer / Front-End Developer / Business Practitioner
Adobe Subject Matter Expert - Adobe Commerce Front End Developer
Working on Magento 2 / PWA Studio